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Quick Facts
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Anthem: "Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka"

Capital (and largest city): Kathmandu

Official language(s) Nepali
Recognised regional languages: Nepal Bhasa, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Gurung, Tamang, Magar, Awadhi, Sherpa, Kiranti, Limbu and other 100 different indigenous languages.

Government: Federal Republic

President: Ram Baran Yadav

Prime Minister: Baburam Bhattarai

- Kingdom declared 21 December 1768
- State declared 15 January 2007
- Republic declared 28 May 2008

Area - Total 147,181 km2 (93rd) 56,827 sq mi - Water (%) 2.8

Population - 2010 estimate 29,331,000[2] (40th) - 2007 census 28,952,000


Nepal Bhasa origin

The word "Nepal" is believed by scholars to be derived from the word "Nepa:" which refers to the Newar Kingdom, the present day Kathmandu Valley. In early Sanskrit sources (Atharvaveda Parisista)and in Gupta period inscriptions, the country is referred to as Nepala. The Newars of present day Nepal, the inhabitants of the Kathmandu Valley and its peripheries, were referred as "Nepa:" before the advent of Shah dynasty...

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